- Ensure you are as far away from the subject as possible. This forces you to use the largest magnification eyepiece and maximum zoom on the camera.
- Have the subject facing directly away from you to get those all important backside shots.
- Shoot into the sun: even on a dull day this will knacker the contrast.
- Pick a windy day and try not to hide behind anything that might stop the tripod shaking like there is an earthquake.
- And lastly (this is the most difficult) make sure the subject never looks up when the shutter is open.
This way you can take forty pictures and still end up with nothing better than these.
Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus), second calendar year
"If you turn your head like this and squint a bit, that looks just like a Caspian Gull."
Digiscoped badly using various bits of Leica and Nikon gear.